Kumbh Mela 2019 is being organised at Pryagraj from 15 January to 4 March. More than 100 million devotees from different walks of life are supposed to reach Prayagraj during the 55 days spectacle.
In 2017, UNESCO listed The KUMBH MELA as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Also Read :
Kumbh Mela is the largest cultural event organised after every 12 years at the confluence of holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. Millons of Pilgrims gather peacefully to take holy dip in the confluence, Triveni Sangam. Devotees believe that taking bath in the Sangam will wash their sins and help in attaining salvation.
History Of Kumbh Mela
Origin of Kumbh Mela is supposed to date back around 640 CE. Emperor Harsha Vardhana (Shiladtya) used to perform some rituals and distribute his wealth among the public after every five years at the confluence of Ganga and Yamuna in Prayagraj. During the rituals peoples used to take bath in the confluence to wash their sins. This mass bath events gradually evolved into Kumbh mela over a period of time.
Mythical Significance Of Kumbh Mela
Kumbh (pitcher) of Amrita (elixir) was one of the Ratna found during Samudra Manthan. Fierce fighting followed between Gods and Demon for it. The God Vishnu disguised himself as beautiful damsel to distract demons.
While he (as Mohini) was rushing with the pitcher to the heaven, a few drops of the elixir fell on the four sacred site. These sites we know as Nashik, Ujjain, Prayag and Haridwar.
The flight to the heaven took 12 days which was equivalent to 12 human years. This is the reason Kumbh Mela celebrated after every 12 years, moving to each of the four sacred sites in this cycle. The dates of the celebration at each site is decided by astrological calculations.
Prayag and Haridwar is situated on the bank of Ganges river. Ujjain and Nashik are situated on the bank of Shipra river and Godawari river respectively. These rivers are believed to have turned into Amrit during the mela.
Types of Kumbh Mela
Purna Kumbh or Maha Kumbh
- It is celebrated after every 12 years at a given site.
- Kumbh at Nashik and Ujjain are celebrated in the same year or one year apart.
- Kumbh mela at Pryagraj is celebrated 3 years before the Kumbh at Ujjain and Nashik and 3 years after the Kumbh at Haridwar.
- It is celebrated after every 6 yaers between two Purna Kumbh Mela at Haridwar and Prayagraj.
- Kumbh 2019 being celebrated this year at Prayagraj is Ardha kumbha.
Ardh Kumbh Mela 2019 Dates / Important Bathing Dates
Although every day in the Kumbh is auspicious to take bath, some days has additional religious importance. These days are more favored for the holy bath.
Makar Sankranti 15 january 2019
- Marks the Start of Kumbh Mela
- On this Sun enters into its next astronomical position as per the Hindu calendar
- This day marks the end of winter solstice and beginning of longer days
- Pilgrims must donate on this day.
Paush Poornima 21 January 2019
- Full Moon Day of the Hindu month, Paush. Full moon day or Purnima is considered auspicious in Hindu religion.
- Begining of Kalpavash
- Kalpvash is the stay of pilgrims on the bank of Sangam for about 50 days during the Kumbh Mela. Every Kalpvashi has to follow strict spiritual routine during the kalpvas.
Mauni Amavasya 4 February 2019
- Planetary positions are Most favorable on this day for bathing.
- The first sage, Rishabh Dev broke his long vow of silence and bathed in Sangam.
- This day draw maximum numbers of pilgrims at kumbh mela.
Basant Panchmi 10 February 2019
- Fifth day of shukla paksha in magh month
- Marks the arrival of new season, Vasant (Spring)
- Famous for worship of goddess of knowledge, Saraswati
- Wearing Yellow clothes is supposed to bring good fortune.
Maghi Poornima19 February 2019
- Guru Brahaspati is worshipped on this day
- Hindu god Gandharv travels from heaven to Sangam
- Lord Vishnu is believed to reside in Ganges
MahaShivratri 4 March 2019
- Last day of holy bath bath and kumbh Mela
- This day is famous for Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Shiv.